Refuse and Recycling Collection Projects

A selection of ORA's projects involving collections are shown; some have reports available to download in pdf format.

Opportunities for food waste collection in the NHSS

ORA was engaged by Zero Waste Scotland to understand the food waste service collection requirements of National Health Service in Scotland (NHSS) hospitals in anticipation of the Waste (Scotland) Regulations 2012 regarding the recycling of food waste. ORA visited hospitals, reviewed options for compliance, named the barriers to compliance and created a calculator to help NHSS boards to understand the costs of compliance. For more infomation please click here.

Food waste from SMEs in Birmingham – Potential and limitations

ORA investigated the feasibility of collecting commercial food waste from small restaurants and supermarkets in Birmingham. The main barrier in this area was found to be the higher cost of food waste collection compared to food waste disposal with residual waste. The findings indicated that novel ways of procuring waste collection services and collecting food waste may be needed to make food waste separation economically viable for small businesses.

Article - Contamination in organic wastes

Reducing contamination in waste is a high priority for organics recyclers as they strive to produce the best quality end product possible. In this article ORA explores challenges regarding organic waste collection and process engineering, and discusses how to work with local authorities and businesses to minimise non-target material in the feedstock. The article was published by the REA’s Organics Recycling Group in the Autumn 2014 Organics Recycling magazine.

Development of food waste collection service

Brighton and Hove City Council were considering a household food waste collection service. Advice provided by ORA included: a review of research carried out by the Council, collection service design (including: vehicles, bins, frequency of food waste, residual waste and recycling collections), public communication, development of the business case, modelling of waste tonnage and volume, and a life cycle assessment of collection and treatment options using WRATE.

Potential sources of biodegradable waste in the Hull area

ORA conducted a survey of possible sources of available feedstocks suitable for an AD facility in the vicinity of a proposed site. ORA contacted nearly 200 organisations likely to be producing food waste, including: local authorities, manufacturers, food retailers, schools, prisons, hospitals, shipping companies, hotels, restaurants, farms and waste collection companies. Estimates were then compiled of the most likely available quantities and sources of suitable feedstock.

Catering Waste Recycling at the NEC

The National Exhibition Centre wanted to investigate food waste recycling at its restaurants. Three waste audits were conducted which identified a significant amount of waste being disposed of to sewers. A report was developed discussing the implementation of food waste collections including legislation, collection methods, staff training, haulage out and treatment options.

Pilot food waste collection trials in Milton Keynes

Project management of a pilot trial for kerbside collection of food waste from 1,500 domestic properties. The trial monitored waste composition, tonnage data, participation and set out monitoring and feedback from stakeholders. Modelling was also carried out to evaluate potential collection and treatment costs and performance in terms of recycling rates and LATS obligations.

Investigations into the kerbside collection of organic waste in Suffolk Coastal District

To help the client identify the most effective method of increasing recycling rates, ORA undertook comparative investigations into the use of wheeled bins and degradable polyethylene bags for the kerbside collection of green waste.

Best practice for the kerbside collection of biodegradable municipal waste

ORA conducted a series of waste audits to help the council develop its alternate week collection servicies for residual waste and dry recyclables with organic waste. ORA's role included carrying out the audits, detailed analysis and reporting of results and a review of the service in relation to best practice guidance.

Recycling Organics in West London (OWL) - Part 1

The project goal was to investigate the potential to collect domestic and commercial organic wastes in West London, process it locally and market the resulting compost in the area in which it originated. The practicalities of collecting kitchen waste alongside dry recyclables were investigated as well as in-vessel composting in relation to new legislative driver and marketing the compost.

Recycling Organics in West London (OWL) - Part 2

The project goal was to investigate the potential to collect domestic and commercial organic wastes in West London, process it locally and market the resulting compost in the area in which it originated. The practicalities of collecting kitchen waste alongside dry recyclables were investigated as well as in-vessel composting in relation to new legislative driver and marketing the compost.

GROWS (Green Recycling of Organic Waste from Supermarkets) - Part 1

ORA worked with Sainsbury's, Waitrose and Sheepdrove Organic Farm to establish a cost effective, sustainable and environmentally sound waste management solution for biodegrable waste from supermarkets.
In Part 1, ORA set up a system for source-segregating supermarket organics, developed a collection round followed by the composting process itself.

GROWS (Green Recycling of Organic Waste from Supermarkets) - Part 2

Part 2 of the GROWS project was to evaluate the effect of the composts produced on soil, and growing conditions in a series of field trials.

GROWS (Green Recycling of Organic Waste from Supermarkets) - Part 3

Part 3 of the project focussed on how biodegradable packaging could assist in the composting of food waste from supermarkets.